Jump to content

The FMEA Toolkit

RQA Members CLICK HERE to purchase this ebook.

As organisations continually strive to improve quality and reduce risk, many are beginning to understand the benefits of preventive action.

The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) defines preventive action as “action to eliminate the cause of a potential nonconformity or other potential undesirable situation”. ISO also notes that there may be more than one cause of nonconformity.

Historically, organisations have performed root-cause analyses after an adverse event occurred in an attempt to understand why the event happened. With a focus on quality, safety, and risk-reduction, it is important to analyse products, processes and services to see what could go wrong before the adverse event occurs. Such analysis requires a rigorous methodology.

FMEA, or Failure Mode Effects Analysis, is an efficient method of identifying the cause of an adverse event before it occurs and can be the foundation of an effective prevention and improvement programme. Creating the opportunity to see potential errors and mistakes at the design stage saves time, money and, in extreme circumstances, lives. FMEA should not be a chore; it should be a voyage of discovery.

Contents

Introduction to FMEA

Introduction
Purpose
Benefits
History
Safety Factor

Types of FMEA

Concept FMEA
Product Design FMEA
Process FMEA

Conducting FMEA

Forming the Team
Points to consider
Adapting Accordingly
Completing the FMEA Chart
Conducting the FMEA
Rating the Effects
Summary

Case Study: Where is it?

Introduction
Before the FMEA
The FMEA
The benefit

Annexes

Annex 1 – FMEA chart
Annex 2 – Severity rating criteria
Annex 3 – Probability rating criteria
Annex 4 – Detection rating criteria
Annex 5 – Corrective action report

About RQA

Author

Anthony Wilkinson, RQA

Published

February 2018

 

 

Share